Home Technical Talk Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated 12/27/2016)

Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated 12/27/2016)

SHARE

Last Update: 10/05/2016

The torsional rigidity is a critical parameter for a vehicle, which measures how many force you need to apply to “twist” the car body frame by one degree. Of course the larger of this value, the better.

From the consumer’s perspective, what is the benefit of a high torsional rigidity car body? A vehicle with high torsion rigidity will give the driver and passenger a more “solid” feel when the car is running, especially when the road is bumpy and has lots of potholes on it. The cabin will has less rattling and popping noises because the car body has less twist and flex when there are forces transmitted from the suspension.

YouWheel_New_Feature_4

Because of the above benefits, generally speaking luxury cars and sports cars usually has higher torsional rigidity.

Unfortunately many automakers does not published this data for their products, even their products are proved to be have very good torsional rigidity. Some automakers disclose the data, but they do not advertise it, or publicly claim this selling point.

The data in the below list is collected by YouWheel.com editor from various sources and research. Some values are explicitly disclosed by the manufacturer, some are implicitly derived by multiple sources. We try our best to make it accurate, however we cannot guarantee it is 100% error free.

LeaseCalculatorFeature2

Data are all from credible sources. For example major US/European auto industry media publications – either electronic version or paper version (such as MotorTrend, Car and Driver etc); or industry association documents (for example Steel Market Development Institute, SAE etc.); or interview articles with personnels of specific auto makers.

All values’ unit is in Nm/deg.




Acura

Acura MDX – 2014 model 12.4% more than 2013 model, 2007 model 20% better than 2006 model, 2003 model 35% more than 2002 model
Acura RDX – 2008 model (39% HSS) exceeds 2007 BMW X3; 2014 model 24% better
Acura RLX (2014) – 47% better than previous RL
Acura TL (1998) – 70% better than previous generation

Alfa Romeo

Alfa Romeo 147 3-door 16,600
Alfa Romeo 156 11,000
Alfa Romeo 159 31,400

Aston Martin

Aston Martin DB9 Convertible 15,500
Aston Martin DB9 Coupe 27,000
Aston Martin Rapide 28,000
Aston Martin Vantage Roaster 21,000
Aston Martin Vantage Coupe 27,273
Aston Martin Vanquish 28,500

Audi

Audi A2 11,900
Audi A4 (B7, 2005 – 2008) 22,000
Audi A4 (B8, 2009 – ) 23,100
Audi A8 (D2, 1997 – 2003) 25,000
Audi A8 (D3, 2004 – 2010) 36,000
Audi A8 (D4, 2011 – ) 38,230 Source
Audi R8 (2014 – ) 40,000
Audi TT Coupe Mk1 19,000
Audi TT Coupe Mk2 28,500
Audi TT Roadster Mk1 10,000

Bentley

Bentley Azure 18,000
Bentley Flying Spur (2013) 36,500

BMW

BMW E30 M3 (race car w/roll cage) 23,500 (data source the same as F80 M3)
BMW E36 M3 10,900
BMW E36 Z3 5,600
BMW E39 5-Series 24,000
BMW E46 Convertible 10,500
BMW E46 Coupe (w/folding seats) 12,500
BMW E46 Sedan (w/folding seats) 13,000
BMW E46 Sedan (w/o folding seats) 18,000
BMW E46 Wagon (w/folding seats) 14,000
BMW E46 M3 GTR (w/roll cage) 46,000 (data source the same as F80 M3)
BMW E60 5-Series 24,200 (16,250 from JLR source) (1st bending: 45.6 Hz; 1st torsional: 44.7 Hz)
BMW E63 6-Series Coupe 28,000
BMW E64 6-Series Convertible 15,000
BMW_F13_Torsional
BMW E53 X5 23,100
BMW E70 X5 28,000
BMW E83 X3 21,400 (w/o panoramic sunroof); 19,000 (w/ panoramic sunroof) source
BMW E85 Z4 16,000
BMW E85 Z4 Coupe 32,000
BMW E85 Z4 M 16,000
BMW E85 Z4 M Coupe 32,000
BMW E52 Z8 10,500
BMW E90 3-Series 22,500
BMW E90 3-Series Convertible 15,750
BMW F07 5GT 31,500 (w/o sunroof); 27,500 (w/ sunroof)
BMW F10 5-Series 37,500
BMW F12 6-Series Convertible 22,500
BMW F13 6-Series Coupe 43,000
BMW F15 X5 29,400
BMW F25 X3 30,000 (w/o sunroof); 26,000 (w/ sunroof)
BMW F30 3-Series 29,300
BMW F80 M3 40,000 YouTube Link (10’57”, screenshot below)

BMW_F80_M3_Torsional_Rigidity

BMW E65 7-Series (2002 – 2008) 31,200 (1st bending moment: 26 Hz, torsional moment: 29 Hz) Official Document Full Document (page 10) Link
BMW F01 7-Series (2009 – ) 37,500 Official Document Full Document (page 10)

Bugatti

Bugatti EB110 19,000
Bugatti Veyron 60,000
Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport 22,000

Buick

Buick Enclave (2008 – ) 25,900

Cadillac

Cadillac ATS (2013 – ) 29,000
Cadillac CTS Sedan (2008 – 2013) 19,143
Cadillac CTS Sport Wagon (2012 – 2014) 18,416 (3.8% less than sedan)
Cadillac CTS (2014 – ) 26,800

Chevrolet

Chevrolet Camaro Convertible (2011 – 2015) 18 Hz (torsional, dynamic), 21 Hz (bending, dynamic) Link
Chevrolet Cobalt 19,300
Chevrolet Corvette C5 9,100
Chevrolet Corvette C7 (2014 – ) 14,500
Chevrolet Cruze 17,660
Chevrolet Malibu (8th-gen, 2013 – 2016) 23,000 (w/o moonroof)
Chevrolet Malibu (9th-gen, 2016 -) 23,600 (w moonroof)

Chrysler

Chrysler 300 (LX platform, 2005 – 2010) 17,897 (13,200 lb-ft/deg, 1st torsional moment: 40 Hz, 1st bending moment: 48 Hz) Link
Chrysler Crossfire 20,140
Chrysler Durango (not the latest generation) 6,800
Chrysler Sebring Convertible (FJ/JX, 1996 – 2000) 4,400

Daewoo

Daewoo Lanos (1999 – 2002) 10,500
Daewoo Nubira (1999 – 2002) 14,500

Dodge

Dodge Neon (1st gen, 1995 – 1999) 6,000
Dodge Neon (2nd gen, 2000 – 2005) 8,300
Dodge Viper Coupe (2008 – 2010) 7,600
Dodge Viper GTS-R 25,082
Dodge SRT Viper (2013 – ) 11,400




Ferrari

Ferrari 355 10,000 (bending 7,100)
Ferrari 360 Modena 23,000 (bending 10,100)
Ferrari 360 Spider 13,800
Ferrari 430 27,600
Ferrari 430 Convertible 10,200
Ferrari 458 33,120
Ferrari 458 Spider 23,184 (70% of the Coupe)
Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina 14,711
Ferrari F50 34,600

FIAT

FIAT Bravo 10,800
FIAT Tempra Sedan 6,700
FIAT Brava 9,100
FIAT Bravo 10,600

Fisker

Fisker Karma 35,000 (bending: 23,000)

Ford

Ford Fiesta 3-door (3rd gen, 1989 – 1997) 6,500
Ford Focus 3-door 19,600
Ford Focus 5-door 17,900
Ford Fusion (2010 – 2012) 17,453 (1,000 kNm/rad) Link
Ford Fusion (2013 – ) 19,286 (1,105 kNm/rad) Link Full document part 1 part 2
Ford GT 27,100
Ford GT40 MkI 17,000
Ford Maverick 4,400
Ford Mustang 2003 16,000
Ford Mustang 2005 21,000
Ford Mustang Convertible (2003) 4,800
Ford Mustang Convertible (2005) 9,500

GMC

GMC Acadia (2007 – ) 25,900

Holden

VE Commodore: 50% higher than VZ Reference Material
VF Commodore: 5-6% higher than VE

Honda

Honda Accord Coupe (2008) – 20% better than 2007 model
Honda Accord Sedan (2008 – 2012, 8th-Gen) 16,440 (actual test), 21,667 (CAE simulation) Link
Honda Accord Sedan (2013 – present, 9th-Gen) 23,345
Honda Civic Hatchback (6th-Gen, EK) 10,700
Honda Civic Sedan (NA market 9th-Gen, 2012 – 2015)      28,800 (N/mm – attention: N/mm is different than nm/deg)
Honda Civic Sedan (NA market 10th-Gen, 2016 – )     35,975 (N/mm) Source (p.28)
Honda S2000 (1st-Gen, AP1) 7,100

Hyundai

Hyundai Genesis Coupe (2010 – ) 22,500
Hyundai Genesis Sedan (2009 – 2014) 33,966
Hyundai Genesis Sedan (2015 -) 39,400
Hyundai Sonata (2006 – 2010) 14,600
Hyundai i40/Sonata (US market) (2011 – ) 35,300 Part 1 link (page 18) Part 2 link

Infiniti

Infiniti G Sedan (2003 – 2006) 46.6 Hz (1st bending), 55.6 (1st torsional)
Infiniti G Sedan (2007 – 2013) 23,000
Infiniti M Sedan (2006 – 2010) 52 Hz (1st bending), 58.1 (1st torsional)




Jaguar

Jaguar F-Type Convertible (2014 – ) 18,000 Link
Jaguar F-Type Coupe (2015 – ) 33,000
Jaguar X-Type Estate 16,319
Jaguar X-Type Sedan 22,000
Jaguar XF (X250, 2007 – 2015) ~17,300

Jaguar_XF_X250_Rigidity
Jaguar XF (X260, 2016 – ) 22,000 (28% higher than X250)
Jaguar XJ (X350, 2004 – 2009) 21,700
Jaguar XK (X100, 1996 – 2006) 16,000
Jaguar XKR-S Coupe (X150, 2011 – ) 28,400 Link (p.13)
Jeep Grand Cherokee (WK2, 2010-) 23,000 (bending stiffness: 10,200 N/mm) Link

Koenigsegg

Koenigsegg 28,100
Koenigsegg Agera 58,000
Koenigsegg Agera R 65,000
Koenigsegg CC8 28,100

Lamborghini

Lamborghini Gallardo 23,000
LamborghiniMurcielago 20,000
Lamborghini Aventador 35,000
Lamborghini Countach 2,600
Lamborghini Gallardo Super Trofeo Stradale 35,000

Land Rover

Land Rover Freelander 2 28,000
Land Rover Range Rover (L322, 2003 – 2012) 32,000

Lexus

Lexus LFA 39,130
Lexus LS460 – 2013 model 60% more than 2012 model

Lincoln

Lincoln Continental (2017 – )    30,712 (1,760 kNm/rad, base roof), 20,766 (1,190 kNm/rad, w/dual-panel moonroof)     Source (p.27)

Lotus

Lotus 33 3,253
Lotus Elan 7,900
Lotus Elan GRP body 8,900
Lotus Elise 10,000
Lotus Elise 111s 11,000
Lotus Elise S2 Exige (2004) 10,500
Lotus Esprit SE Turbo 5,850
Lotus Evora 26,600
Lotus SID Concept 16,000

Maserati

Maserati Coupe/4200 GT      23,000
Maserati Quattroporte (5th-gen, M139, 2005 – 2013)      31,360   Link

Mazda

Mazda CX-5 (2013 – 2016)     27,000
Mazda CX-5 (2017 – )     31,185   (15.5% increase, source from Mazda press release)
Mazda MX-5 (NA, 1990 – 1993)     4,881
Mazda MX-5 (NA, 1994 – 1998)     5,152
Mazda MX-5 (NB, 1999 – 2000)     5,219 (+1.3% torsional; +7.6% bending; +35% dynamic torsional)
Mazda MX-5 (NB, 2001 – 2005)     6,367 (16-in wheels: +22% torsional; +16% bending); 5,532 (15-in wheels: +6% torsional; +13% bending);
Mazda MX-5 (NC, 2006 – 2008)     8,132 (+47% torsional; +22% bending. See press release)
Mazda MX-5 (NC, 2009 – 2015) ?
Mazda MX-5 (ND, 2016 – current)  ?
Mazda RX-7 (FB) 9150
Mazda RX-7 (FC) 10500
Mazda RX-7 (FD) 15000
Mazda RX-8 30,000

McLaren

McLaren F1 13,500

Lexus

MG ZT 24,000
MG MGF 7,100
MG MGTF 8,500

Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes R230 SL-class (2006) 17,000 (top down), 21,000 (top up)
Mercedes R230 SL-class (2012) 16,399
Mercedes R231 SL-class (2013) 19,400
Mercedes W212 E-class 29,920
Mercedes W221 S-class 27,500
Mercedes W222 S-class 40,500

MINI

MINI Cooper (2003) 24,500
MINI Cooper Convertible (1st gen) 9,000

Nissan

Nissan Maxima (8th-gen, A36, 2016 – ) 25%+ (7th-gen base), 6%+ (7th-gen sport) source
Nissan Micra 3-door (K11, 1992 – 2003) 4,000
Nissan Sunny (B14, 1993 – 1998) 8,200
Nissan Prairie (M11, 1988-1998) 7,500

Opel

Opel Astra G 3-door (1998 – 2004) 10,500
Opel Astra G 5-door (1998 – 2004) 11,700
Opel Astra G Sedan (1998 – 2004) 11,900
Opel Corsa B 3-door (1993 – 2000) 6,500
Opel Corsa C 3-door (2000 – 2012) 8,000
Opel Omega B2 (1999 – 2003) 13,000
Opel Vectra A 6,000
Opel Vectra B 12,000
Opel Vectra C 18.000

Pagani

Pagani Zonda C12 S 26,300
Pagani Zonda F 27,000
Pagani Zonda Roadster 18.000

Porsche

Porsche 911 Cabriolet 991 (2012) 11,699
Porsche 911 Carrera GT 26,000
Porsche 911 Carrera Type 997 33,000
Porsche 911 Coupe 991 (2012) 30,359
Porsche 911 Turbo (2000) 13,500
Porsche 911 Turbo 996 27,000
Porsche 911 Turbo 996 Convertible 11,600
Porsche 959 12,900
Porsche 987 Cayman 31,500
Porsche Carrera GT 26,000




Renault

Renault Sport Spider 10,000
Renault Twingo I (1993 – 2007) 14,200

Rolls-Royce

Rolls-Royce Phantom 40,500

Rover

Rover 600 20,800 (1st torsional vibration: 60 Hz) link

Saab

Saab 9-3 Convertible (2008 – 2012) 11,500
Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan (2008 – 2011) 22,000
Saab 9-3 SportCombi (2008 – 2011) 20,548

Saleen

Saleen S7 45,000

Saturn

Saturn Outlook (2007 – 2009) 25,900

Subaru

Subaru Impreza WRX (2nd-Gen, 2002 – 2007) 23,000
Subaru Impreza (4th-Gen, 2012 – ) 24,500

Tesla

Tesla Model S 19,000, 1st torsional moment: 42 Hz

Toyota

Toyota Celica (T230, 2000 – 2005) 13,600
Toyota Corolla 3-door hatchback (E110) 10,500
Toyota Mark X (2004 – 2009) 16,000
Toyota Starlet (80 Series) 7,600

Volvo

Volvo S60 (2001 – 2009) 20,000
Volvo S60 (2011 – ) 29,400 (47% increase of previous generation)
Volvo S80 18,600
Volvo XC90 (2003 – 2014) 21,400
Volvo XC90 (2016 – ) 27,392 (28% increase from first generation)

Volkswagen

VW Beetle (2012 – ) 26,000
VW Fox 17,941
VW Passat Estate (B6) 23,000
VW Passat Estate (B7, European market, 2010 – ) 25,000 Link
VW Passat Saloon (B7, European market, 2010 – ) 30,000
VW Phaeton 37,000
VW Golf IV 3-door 19,600
VW Golf IV 5-door 17,600
VW Golf V 18,400
VW Golf V GTI 25,000
VW Touareg (2008 – 2010) 36,900

Want to read more interesting technical topics in the automobile industry? See our famous Technical Talk section, covering all aspects in automotible design, including engine, suspension, braking system, body structure, and also all kinds of AWD mechanisms.




———–Modification Log———–
04/25/2014: added Hyundai Genesis Sedan, Cadillac ATS/CTS, GMC Acadia/Saturn Outlook/Buick Enclave
04/30/2014: added Infiniti G Sedan, Toyota Mark X, Mazda CX-5
05/06/2014: added VW Beetle
05/07/2014: added 2013+ Dodge Viper
05/12/2014: added Ford Fusion 2010-2012, 2013
05/30/2014: added Aston Martin Vantage Roaster and Coupe
06/04/2014: added Saab 9-3 convertible
06/12/2014: added B7 Passate wagon/sedan, Hyundai Genesis Coupe, 4th-gen Impreza, 1st-gen Touareg, Lotus 33, Mazda MX-5, MG ZT/MGF/MGTF
06/13/2014: added Audi A4 (B7, B8), BMW Z8
07/16/2014: added Jeep Grand Cherokee document
08/25/2014: added BMW E30 M3 race car, E46 M3 GTR and F80 M3
10/30/2014: added Hyundai Sonata/i40 (06 – 10, and 11 – )
02/27/2015: added Jaguar X150 XKR-S (2011 – )
04/13/2015: added Subaru Impreza WRX 2nd-Gen, Opel Vectra, Pagani Zonda Roadster, FIAT Bravo
05/01/2015: added official document to BMW F01 and E65 7 Series
09/02/2015: added Saab 9-3 sport sedan, corrected the SportCombi’s number
09/11/2015: added 2016 Volvo XC90
09/16/2015: added 8th and 9th-gen Honda Accord, Alfa Romeo 147, 156, Honda Civic 6th-gen, Dodge Viper GTS-R, Opel Vectra A/B, Porsche Carrera GT, Toyota Celica, VW Golf
10/01/2015: added 1st-gen Chrysler 300, 3rd-Gen Infiniti G, M sedans
12/14/2015: added D3 and D4 generations of Audi A8
02/13/2016: added 5th-gen Camaro Convertible, Jaguar F-Type Convertible, Tesla Model S, BMW E63/64, F12/13, Lotus Evora
02/19/2016: added Corvette C7
02/27/2016: added Cadillac CTS Wagon, Saleen S7, Lotus SID Concept, Jaguar XJ (X350), Chrysler Sebring Convertible, Dodge Neon, Ferrari 430 Convertible, Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina, Daewoo Lanos, Daewoo Nubira, FIAT Tempra, Brava, Bravo, Ford Fiesta 3-door, Ford Maverick, Nissan Sunny, Nissan Micra, Nissan Prairie, Opel Astra, Opel Corsa, Opel Omega B2, Renault Twingo I, Toyota Starlet, Toyota Corolla
03/10/2016: added Jaguar XF (X250 and X260)
03/11/2016: added Range Rover (L322)
03/31/2016: added Chevrolet Malibu (8th-gen and 9th-gen)
04/28/2016: added E83 and F25 BMW X3
04/29/2016: added Rover 600
07/24/2016: added Porsche 987 Cayman, Holden VE/VF
10/05/2016: added Maserati Coupe/4200 GT
10/27/2016: updated all generation of Mazda MX-5
11/15/2016: added 2017+ Mazda CX-5
12/25/2016: added 9th and 10th generation Honda Civic sedan
12/27/2016: added 2017+ Lincoln Continental

Comments

comments

2 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here